Monday 22-4-2019 Latest Update : 22-04-2019 AT 14:03


Ophthalmology Specialty

The Scientific council of ophthalmology aims to improve the quality of eye services provided to the community through the training of highly trained professionals to meet international standards.
The Arab Board of Health Specializations was founded in February 1978 by the Council of Arab Ministers of Health.
The Scientific Council of Ophthalmology was established on March 26, 1994.
The scientific council of ophthalmology has been instrumental in the establishment of appropriate training programs for residents in ophthalmology. The certified of ophthalmologists are highly trained and are capable academically and professionally to provide the best eye care to the community.
Our aim is to develop and improve all aspects of training and examinations for certification, and achieve the goals established by the Council.  
These general regulations and guidelines relating to the training and examination of candidates for the Arab Board of ophthalmology aim to provide to assist the trainees, trainers and training centers in their endeavors.
CERTIFICATION
Candidate passing the final board examination are awarded the specialty certificate.
“CERTIFICATE OF THE ARAB BOARD OF OPHTHALMOLOGY”

1. The candidate is to enter a four structured residency program in a recognized training center.
2. The candidate should participate in 100 hours of lectures and academic activities annually, totaling 400 hours over a 4 year period.
3. The candidate must perform surgical operations as stipulated in the Arabic version.
4. During the four year period, the candidate must undergo progressive training and increased responsibilities, covering basic sciences, clinical practice, and acquisition as stipulated in the Arabic version.

1. Establish A structured residency program recognized by Arab countries, and provide wide range training in the field of ophthalmology, to ensure that the resident will be competent in all aspects of ophthalmology after completion of the training period.  
2. Provide all requirements for the candidates to learn the needed skills to work as a safe and competent ophthalmologist.
3. Enable the candidate to gain continuous medical and practical education, and medical research in ophthalmology.  
4. Provide the trainee with clinical knowledge, which will give him/her the ability to make suitable decisions for the management of each patient.

1. The primary written examination consists of 120 multiple choice questions, primarily on basic sciences.
2. The final written examination consists of 180 multiple choice questions on clinical sciences and skills attained over the four years of training.
3. The final oral examination is conducted by six committees through simulated clinical cases in the form of photos and prints. The committees cover six areas:
- Anterior segment of the eye (lens & glaucoma)
- Posterior segment of the eye
- Cornea, Clinical optics & refraction
- Ocular pathology, Orbit and Oculoplastic
- Uveitis, Systemic disease and Neuro ophthalmology
- Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
4. Candidates passing the oral examination are eligible for the clinical examination. The purpose of the examination is to ensure that candidates have the necessary knowledge, clinical skills and understanding to be competent ophthalmologist. They should be able to gather and interpret clinical data and communicate effectively with patients and colleagues. The examination will assess competency at the level of an experienced resident ready to be a safe general ophthalmologist.
The examination is a test of:    
• Clinical skills which candidates have learned during his/her training in ophthalmology i.e. examination skills (ophthalmology, pathology, medicine and neurology), interpretation of findings, formulation of a differential diagnosis, formulation of a management plan, clinical reasoning and judgment.
• The ability to practice general medical skills relating to ophthalmological practice. Taking visual acuity, examining the anterior segment by Slit-Lamp, Pupillary tests, Ocular motility and Orthoptic tests, Fundus examination by Direct and Indirect Ophthalmoscopy, Neurological tests in relation to ophthalmology.
• Communication skills with patients, with relatives, with colleagues. Tested in a station in the multi-station clinical examination.

ELIGIBILITY TO SIT FOR EXAMINATION
1. Candidates are eligible to sit for primary examination a maximum of three times, and a fourth time on an exceptional basis.
2. Candidates are eligible to sit for the final written exam a maximum of four times, and a fifth time on an exceptional basis.
3. Candidates are eligible to sit for the oral exam a maximum of four times, and a fifth time on an exceptional basis. If unsuccessful, the final written examination is to be repeated  two times at maximum. if successful the oral exam can be done for only two times.


INSTRUCTIONS FOR CANDIDATES PREPARING FOR EXAMINATIONS
The role of the Arab Board of Ophthalmology is to ensure that those who practice ophthalmology are safe to do so. The Scientific Council of The Arab Board of Ophthalmology, quality of the examinations to meet the highest academic, scientific and professional standards. The examination tests the knowledge, understanding and skills acquired by trainees during their four years of training. The examination is designed to be as relevant and objective as possible while testing the candidate's knowledge of the diversity of conditions, which may present to an ophthalmologist.

Part I
Part I written examination is composed of 120 multiple choice questions (MCQs) on Basic Ophthalmic Sciences that include:
1. Anatomy, neuroanatomy and embryology of the head and neck to include CNS.
2. Specialized anatomy and embryology of the visual system.
3. Ocular and visual physiology.
4. Ocular pathology.
5. General principles of genetics, biochemistry, pharmacology, immunology, microbiology and pathology in relation to ophthalmology.
6. Optics and Refraction.
Candidate should pass Part I and finished four (4) years of training in a center recognized by the Arab Board Committee before he can apply for Part II (final).

Part II
This exam consists of 3 parts:
1- Written Exam: that consists of 180 multiple choice questions (MCQs) covering all the clinical subjects in ophthalmology and based on the experienced achieved during the four years of training.
- External Eye Diseases and Cornea
- Orbit, Eyelids, and Lacrimal System.
- Pediatric OPhthalmologgy and Strabismus.
- Neuro-Ophthalmology.
- Intraocular Inflammation and Uveitis.
- Glaucoma.
- Lens and Cataract.
- Retina and Vitreous.
- Surgical Basics.
Candidate should pass this part to be eligible for the second part of the final exam.
2- Oral Exam: that tests the candidate's knowledge in a comprehensive manner including clinical presentation, differential diagnosis, diagnosis, pathophysiology and management of different entities in ophthalmology.
The Exam consists of 6 stations with at least 2 examiners in each. It covers the following subjects:
- Anterior segment of the eye (lens & glaucoma)
- Posterior segment of the eye
- Cornea, Clinical optics & refraction
- Ocular pathology, Orbit and Oculoplastic
- Uveitis, Systemic disease and Neuro ophthalmology
- Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Note that during this examination, candidate will be asked to interpret different ancillary tests used to help in reaching a diagnosis or as a guidance in management of ocular diseases e.g. Goldman and Automated visual field tests, Hess chart, OCT, Corneal topography Fundus Fluorescein Angiograpyh (FFA), MRI, CT scan, Blood tests, Pathology slides ….. etc.
Candidate should pass this part to be eligible for the third part of the final clinical exam.
3- Clinical Exam. (3 or 4 short cases)   
Purpose:
The purpose of the examination is to ensure that candidates have the necessary knowledge, clinical skills and understanding to be competent ophthalmologist. They should be able to gather and interpret clinical data and communicate effectively with patients and colleagues. The examination will assess competency at the level of an experienced resident ready to be a safe general ophthalmologist.
The examination is a test of:    
• Clinical skills which candidates have learned during his/her training in ophthalmology i.e. examination skills (ophthalmology, pathology, medicine and neurology), interpretation of findings, formulation of a differential diagnosis, formulation of a management plan, clinical reasoning and judgment.
• The ability to practice general medical skills relating to ophthalmological practice. Taking visual acuity, examining the anterior segment by Slit-Lamp, Pupillary tests, Ocular motility and Orthoptic tests, Fundus examination by Direct and Indirect Ophthalmoscopy, Neurological tests in relation to ophthalmology.
• Communication skills with patients, with relatives, with colleagues. Tested in a station in the multi-station clinical examination.

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